What are the socio-demographic variables that can influence health related behaviors? A case among patients with Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDS) in Queen Elizabeth Hospital.

Chuah, Ei Leng (2011) What are the socio-demographic variables that can influence health related behaviors? A case among patients with Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDS) in Queen Elizabeth Hospital. Masters thesis, Universiti Malaysia Sabah.


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The main purpose of this dissertation is to determine the influence of socio-demographic variables on the health related behaviors among NCD patients in Queen Elizabeth Hospital. Statistics revealed that non-communicable diseases (NCDs) which are chronic diseases are increasing worldwide contributing to increased mortality and morbidity. These behaviors were shown to be different according to socio-demographic factors. The socio-demographic variables identified as the independent variables were age, gender, income and education level. Meanwhile, the dependent variable that represents health related behaviors was measured using five dimensions. Fruit and vegetable consumption, alcohol consumption, smoking, interest in health promotion programs and exercise. All these dimensions were measured using likert scale. Sabah patients may differ in terms of perception and behavior due to different socio-demographic characteristics, region and culture that can contribute to different patterns of health related behaviors. Identifying these factors can contribute to effective counseling educational programs and creation of wellness centers tailored to the needs of local patients. This is a non-probability and purposive sampled study, conducted in Queen Elizabeth Hospital among 181 NCD patients. Questionnaire was used to interview subjects after obtaining verbal consent and collected for data analysis. Response rate was 100 percent. Respondents' characteristics were presented using descriptive statistics and frequency table. Cronbach's Alpha was used to test the reliability of the results. The value of 0.864 obtained showed that the results were reliable. Pearson Correlation and multiple regressions were performed for hypotheses testing. The results revealed that the socio-demographic variables had significant positive influence on health related behaviors. Socio-demographic variables influence significantly fruit and vegetable consumption, with positive influence from age. Socio-demographic variables influence significantly interest in health promotion programs, with positive influence from education level. Socio-demographic variables influence insignificantly alcohol consumption. However, gender has Significant influence on alcohol consumption with males more likely to drink. Socio-demographic variables influence significantly smoking, with significant influence from age and gender. Socio-demographic variables influence significantly exercise, with positive influence from education level. As conclusion, socio-demographic variables such as age, gender and education level were shown to influence health related behaviors.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: HQE, influence health, behavior, non-communicable diseases, gender, Socio-demographic variable
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: SCHOOL > School of Business and Economics
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2013 04:05
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2017 03:02
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/7698

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