Development of food frequency questionnaire for university students

Koo, Pei Ing (2010) Development of food frequency questionnaire for university students. Universiti Malaysia Sabah. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The main objective was to develop a suitable Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) for university students. Items in FFQ were compared with 24-hour recall and a new developed FFQ consisting of 63 food items was developed. This new developed FFQ was compared with a three day weighed record (WR). A total of 20 Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS) undergraduates (9 male, 11 female; mean age 22.6 ± 1.4 y) from out campus and in campus participated in the pilot test. Most respondents have normal body size (90%). FFQ Significantly over-reported (p<0.05) in energy and certain nutrients compared with three day WR. Comparison of both FFQ and WR with Energy Intake to Basal Metabolic Rate (EI/BMR) showed that there were more high energy reporters when reporting nutrient intake using FFQ (50%) than WR (10%) in the pilot test. Main study was conducted on 396 subjects from UMS aged between 18 and 25 (164 male, 232 female; in campus 52%, out campus 41.4%). Most of the respondents in main study have normal body size (73.2%). FFQ showed significant higher estimation of energy and nutrients (p<0.05) than WR. There was significant correlation (p<0.05) between FFQ and WR for energy in the main study. Comparison between FFQ and WR with EI/BMR ratio showed that there were more high energy reporters when reporting intake using FFQ (44.7%) than WR (10%). In both stages, pilot test and main study showed that FFQ was over-reported in energy and nutrients. FFQ consisted of more high energy reporters. Based on these results, it was concluded that further development and improvement for FFQ was needed before the FFQ could be used to evaluate usual dietary intake of university students. Ten food items that commonly consumed by university populations are biscuit, rice, green leaf vegetables, chicken, anchovies, sweets, pork, bread, prawn and chip lekor.

Item Type: Academic Exercise
Uncontrolled Keywords: Food Frequency Questionnaire, weighed record, university population, Energy Intake to Basal Metabolic Rate
Subjects: T Technology > TX Home economics > Nutrition. Foods and food supply
Divisions: SCHOOL > School of Food Science and Nutrition
Depositing User: MDM SITI AZIZAH IDRIS
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2014 05:29
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2017 08:29
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/8213

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