Description of the habitat used by the Sumatran rhinoceros in Sabah

Rabi'ah Salwa Ismail, (2011) Description of the habitat used by the Sumatran rhinoceros in Sabah. Masters thesis, Universiti Malaysia Sabah.


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A field study on the Description of Habitat Used by the Sumatran rhinoceros in. Sabah was done in four study areas as follows; Sg Sabran and Sg Purut - Sg Langgum were located in Danum Valley Conservation Area (DVCA) while Km 3 and Km 32 were situated in Tabin Wildlife Reserve (TWR), Lahad Datu Sabah. Five fieldworks were done from May 2007 until June 2008 to collect data for this study. The aim of this study was to collect data that are useful for the conservation management of the Sumatran rhinoceros in Sabah. Densities of woody saplings with the dbh measurement of 10 cm and below were taken to reflect the saplings availability. Frequency of salt licks and Sumatran rhinoceros signs including the numbers of wallows, footprints, dung and marking signs were also collected at the study areas. In each study area, 40 plots with the 10 x 10 m were the measuring constructed along 4 line transects (1 km each) to obtained the frequencies of the woody saplings inside the plots. Salt licks, wallows, footprints, dungs and marking signs were searched within the possible sites and also based on the Rhino Patrolling Unit (RPU) information. All of the signs locations were marked on the maps using GPS device. Saplings density at Sg Sabran (mean value 8.5± standard deviation 4.5) shows significant difference tested between Km 3 (3.1± 1.4), Km 32 (4.5± 3.6) and Sg Purut - Sg Langgum (4.6± 1.7), [F 3, 156) = 22.706, p<.05]. As all of the study areas were observed to have Sumatran rhinoceros signs, this suggests that the Sumatran rhinoceros is well adapted to living in forests that have difference saplings availability. There were 19, 13, 6 and 5 Sumatran rhinoceros wallows at Sg Sabran, Km 3, Sg Purut - Sg Langgum and Km 32 respectively. Two old adult footprints, 3 old dung heaps and Sumatran rhinoceroses marking signs on the vegetations were found in study locations. Salt lick was presence at Km 3 but not found in other study areas.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sumatran rhinoceros, saplings availability, wallows, salt licks
Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions: SCHOOL > Institute for Tropical Biology and Conservation
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2014 02:07
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2017 02:30

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