Diversity patterns of scleractinian corals at Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, in relation to exposure and depth

Zarinah Waheed, and Hoeksema, Bert W. , (2014) Diversity patterns of scleractinian corals at Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, in relation to exposure and depth. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 62 . pp. 66-68. ISSN 2172445

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Abstract

A large part of the fringing and patch reefs of Kota Kinabalu is situated along the coastline of Sabah and around the islands of the Tunku Abdul Rahman Park (TARP). The park is composed of fi ve islands and together with the surrounding sea it covers an area of ca. 50 km2. Several studies have been carried out in the 1970s and 1980s to determine the status of the park's hard coral fauna, which serves as baseline information. The present study builds on previous ones by determining the species richness patterns of scleractinian coral families Fungiidae, Agariciidae, and Euphylliidae observed at 28 reef sites within and outside the TARP boundary. Three additional sites were surveyed for mushroom coral species. The species diversity from this study is higher than those previously recorded. Based on the coral species composition for each site, results from multivariate analyses suggest two distinct groups of sites that refl ect a difference in reef exposure, where the highest species numbers were observed at the exposed and deeper reefs. Findings of this study can provide a basis for future comparisons in order to detect changes in the coral communities around Kota Kinabalu and can be applied to developing conservation priorities for the park. © National University of Singapore.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Agariciidae; Bathymetry; Euphylliidae; Exposure; Fungiidae; Scleractinia; Species richness
Subjects:Q Science > QL Zoology
ID Code:9600
Deposited By:IR Admin
Deposited On:03 Mar 2015 14:31
Last Modified:03 Mar 2015 14:31

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