Nutritional Intake and Energy Expenditure of Police Officers in IPK Kota Kinabalu

Goh , Su Earn (2012) Nutritional Intake and Energy Expenditure of Police Officers in IPK Kota Kinabalu. Universiti Malaysia Sabah. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to determine the nutritional status of police officers and to access the prevelence of obesity among police officers, to determine their daily physical activity level, and to compare their energy intake and expenditure, and to determine the eating pattern and examine the interrelationship between dietary habits and body composition. This study was done in IPK Kota Kinabalu. There were 45 police personnel aged between 22 to 59 years involved in this study. Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and body fat percentage of respondents were measured. Information on energy intake was collected using 3- days dietary food recalls and analysed using DietPlus 2.0 (1887.3 ± 423.5 kcal/d for men and 1907.0 ± 425.3 kcal/d for women). Respondents tend to have foods that contains high fat. Energy expenditure was calculated based on basal metabolic rate (BMR), thermic effect of food (TEF) and physical activity level (PAL) (2639.6 ± 229.4 kcal/d for men and 2268.9 ± 203.5 kcal/d for women). BMR was calculated using predictive equation for estimation of BMR In Malaysian adults, TEF was estimated as 8% of total energy intake, while PAL was measured using information collected through 24-hour Physical Activity Recalls. In conclusion, majority of police personnel in Kota Kinabalu was overweight (54.9%) and having high body fat percentage (51. 6%). All respondents were had sedentary lifestyles. There is Significant relationship between BMI and body fat percentage (r=0.685, p<0.001). However, there is no significant relationship between BMI and WC (r=0.288, p=0.055).

Item Type:Academic Exercise
Uncontrolled Keywords:nutritional status, police officer, physical activity level, eating pattern, body composition, BMI
Subjects:T Technology > TX Home economics > Nutrition. Foods and food supply
Divisions:SCHOOL > School of Food Science and Nutrition
ID Code:9625
Deposited By:IR Admin
Deposited On:30 Sep 2014 14:12
Last Modified:30 Sep 2014 14:12

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