Determination of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in edible oils

Chan, Vee Liam (2013) Determination of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in edible oils. Universiti Malaysia Sabah. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Edible oils such as palm, corn and sunflower oils were analyzed for the presence of light and heavy polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) using liquid-liquid extraction, clean-up on a silica gel column, and determination by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) using a fluorescene detector. In this study, 15 PAHs compounds induding Napthalene, Acenapthene, Fluorene, Phenanthrene, Anthracene, Fluoranthene, Pyrene, Benzo[a]anthracene, Chrysene, Benzo[b]fluoranthene, Benzo[k]fluoranthene, Benzo[a]pyrene, Dibenz[a,h]anthracene, Benzo[g,h,i]perylene and Ideno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene were studied. The linearity of the method was between 0.9996 to 1.0000. Limit of detection (LOD) was ranged from 0.01 to 1.17 ng/g, whereas limit of quantification (LOQ) was ranged from 0.02 to 3.51 ng/g. All PAHs were separated and analyzed in 31 minutes. Com oil sample did not show any concentration of Benzo[a]anthracene, Chrysene, Benzo[a]pyrene and Benzo[b]fluoranthene (PAH4), whereas palm oil and sunflower oil samples have exceeded the sum of four PAHs (PAH4) limit (10 ng/g), 100.35 ng/g and 116.76 ng/g respectively. Therefore, more studies need to be conduded to confirm this result due to limitation of the study.

Item Type: Academic Exercise
Uncontrolled Keywords: polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), liquid-liquid extraction, High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), edible oil
Subjects: T Technology > TX Home economics > Nutrition. Foods and food supply
Divisions: SCHOOL > School of Food Science and Nutrition
Depositing User: MDM SITI AZIZAH IDRIS
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2014 07:31
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2017 06:24
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/9693

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