Nutrient composition of saltwater Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) meat in Sabah

Lok , Sinn Ning (2013) Nutrient composition of saltwater Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) meat in Sabah. Universiti Malaysia Sabah. (Unpublished)

[img]PDF
18Mb

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the nutritional composition of crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) meat obtained from different parts of the body. The meat samples were collected from two commercial farms In Sabah with C porosus aged 5 - 6 years old. Samples were analyzed for proximate composition, B vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, amino acids, and cholesterol. Results showed that crocodile back meat is the best choice of meat as compared chicken and beef due to its significantly higher protein (19.94 g/100g) but lower fat content (0.26 g/1oog) and cholesterol (18.35 mg/100g) which Is lower than a recommended maximum intake of 300 mg per day. The back meat has higher monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) (13.82%), polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) (32.97%), thiamin (0.89 mg/100g) and riboflavin (0.35 mg/100g) as compared to thigh and tail meat. The PUFA to saturated fatty add (SFA) ratio of tail meat (0.66) is highest when compared to thigh and back meat, and is higher than recommended ratio for a healthy diet (0.40). The thiamin and cobalamin (6.50 - 16.55 µg/l00g) of C porosus meat, especially the tail meat, is exceptionally high among other food sources. As an animal source, C porosus meat has an advantage in bioavailability of zinc and selenium, while tail meat Is generally richest In minerals with significant higher amounts of potassium as compared to thigh and back meat. Being a complete source of essential amino acids (EM), C porosus back meat Is significantly higher In EAA, especially lysine (2.062 g/100g), phenylalanine (0.945 g/100g) and tryptophan (0.304 g/100g), and provides more EM and non-essential amino acids than other meat sources and high protein food sources. This study shows that although C porosus meat is considered as waste or by-product in leather prodUction, it can be a new source of protein in the market, as It is an excellent substitute for other common species of meat.

Item Type:Academic Exercise
Uncontrolled Keywords:nutritional composition, crocodile meat, leather production, protein
Subjects:T Technology > TX Home economics > Nutrition. Foods and food supply
Divisions:SCHOOL > School of Food Science and Nutrition
ID Code:9861
Deposited By:IR Admin
Deposited On:12 Nov 2014 13:55
Last Modified:25 Nov 2014 14:56

Repository Staff Only: item control page


Browse Repository
Collection
   Articles
   Book
   Speeches
   Thesis
   UMS News
Search
Quick Search

   Latest Repository

Link to other Malaysia University Institutional Repository

Malaysia University Institutional Repository