Chemical Constituents and Biological Activities of Essential Oils from Four Species of Bamboo Genus Schizostachyum

Charles Santhanaraju Vairappan and Thilahgavani Nagappan and Liow Ting Hui and Julius Kulip (2015) Chemical Constituents and Biological Activities of Essential Oils from Four Species of Bamboo Genus Schizostachyum. Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation, 12. pp. 127-136. ISSN 1823-3902

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Abstract

Volatile chemical constituents of four species of local bamboo (Schizostachyum blumei Nees., Schizostachyum brachycladum Nees., Schizostachyum lima (Blanco) Merrill and Schizostachyum pilosum S.Dransf.) were investigated. The oils were obtained from bamboo culm through steam distillation and profiled using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GCMS). A total of 59 volatile constituents were identified, and these contained oxygenated sesquiterpene, α-elemol (8.2~21.1 %), coumaran (6.7~32.3 %), guaiacol-4-vinyl (0.6~0.9 %), palmitic acid (1.5~25.6 %), pentacosane (0.1~0.2 %), phytol (1.0~12.6 %), phytol acetate (0.5~1.7 %) and trans-squalene (0.2~1.6 %) consistently in the specimens studied. Based on the observation, S. pilosum exhibited wider diameter of inhibition against Escherchia coli and Staphylococcus aureus compared to the other species of Schizostachyum essential oil.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Wild bamboo, Volatile fingerprints, Antibacterial Activity
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QK Botany
Divisions: INSTITUTE > Institute for Tropical Biology and Conservation
Depositing User: SITI AZIZAH BINTI IDRIS -
Date Deposited: 01 Jul 2020 11:14
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2021 11:35
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/25558

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