Determinants of antiretroviral therapy coverage in Sub-Saharan Africa

Fumitaka Furuoka and Mohammad Zahirul Hoque (2015) Determinants of antiretroviral therapy coverage in Sub-Saharan Africa. PeerJ. pp. 1-17. ISSN 2376-5992

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Abstract

Among 35 million people living with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in 2013, only 37% had access to antiretroviral therapy (ART). Despite global concerted efforts to provide the universal access to the ART treatment, the ART coverage varies among countries and regions. At present, there is a lack of systematic empirical analyses on factors that determine the ART coverage. Therefore, the current study aimed to identify the determinants of the ART coverage in 41 countries in SubSaharan Africa. It employed statistical analyses for this purpose. Four elements, namely, the HIV prevalence, the level of national income, the level of medical expenditure and the number of nurses, were hypothesised to determine the ART coverage. The findings revealed that among the four proposed determinants only the HIV prevalence had a statistically significant impact on the ART coverage. In other words, the HIV prevalence was the sole determinant of the ART coverage in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antiretroviral therapy coverage , HIV , Sub-Saharan Africa , Socio-economic determinants
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HA Statistics > HA1-4737 Statistics > HA154-4737 Statistical data > HA175-473 By region or country
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA1-1270 Public aspects of medicine > RA1-418.5 Medicine and the state > RA407-409.5 Health status indicators. Medical statistics and surveys
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: SITI AZIZAH BINTI IDRIS -
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2021 11:16
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2021 11:16
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/29295

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