Prevalence and risk factors of depressive symptoms among institutionalized elderly in Sabah, Malaysia Borneo

Helmy Sajali and Syed Sharizman Syed Abdul Rahim and Afidah Abidin and Premala Subramaniam and Mohd Fazeli Sazali and Mohammad Saffree Jeffree and Mazlinda Musa and Nicholas Tze Ping Pang and Azizan Omar and Mohd Faizal Madrim and Khalid Mokti and Abdul Rahman Ramdzan and Zulkhairul Naim Sidek Ahmad and Azman Atil and Muhammad Aklil Abd Rahim and Mohd Rohaizat Hassan (2021) Prevalence and risk factors of depressive symptoms among institutionalized elderly in Sabah, Malaysia Borneo. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 21 (1). pp. 253-259. ISSN 1675-0306 (P-ISSN) , 2590-3829 (E-ISSN)

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Abstract

The elderly population in Malaysia are multiplying, and older people's reliance on social services such as the elderly institutions has increased. Mental health problems especially depression is one of the main problems with institutionalized elderly. This study aims to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of depression among elderly in all three state-run institutions in Sabah. A multi-centered, cross-sectional study was conducted on residents of all three state-run elderly institutions in Sabah (N=110). All residents that fulfill the criteria were included in the study through a self-administered set of validated questionnaires that measure perceived social support, loneliness, and depression. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences by IBM (IBM SPSS) v25 was used and Chi Square and logistic regression for analysis. The prevalence of depressive symptoms is at 60.9%. The independent risk factors for depression in residents were male gender (OR=4.09, 95%CI=1.55, 10.79), perceived poor health status (OR=6.63, 95%CI=2.49, 17.65), and loneliness (OR=6.12, 95%CI=2.02, 18.53). Depression is prevalent among the elderly in the state-run institutions in Sabah, Malaysia. A comprehensive mental health screening program needs to be implemented for the elderly institutions along with adequate training for staff to handle mental health issues in the elderly

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Depression , Elderly , Nursing Home
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: SAFRUDIN BIN DARUN -
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2021 08:23
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2021 08:23
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/29998

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