Numerical investigation of deposition characteristics of PLA on an ABS plate using a material extrusion process

Bih-Lii Chua and Sun-Ho Baek and Keun Park and Dong-Gyu Ahn (2021) Numerical investigation of deposition characteristics of PLA on an ABS plate using a material extrusion process. Materials, 14 (3404). pp. 1-17. ISSN 1996-1944

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Abstract

Three-dimensional prototypes and final products are commonly fabricated using the material extrusion (ME) process in additive manufacturing applications. However, these prototypes and products are limited to a single material using the ME process due to technical challenges. Deposition of plastic on another dissimilar plastic substrate requires proper control of printing temperature during an ME process due to differences in melting temperatures of dissimilar plastics. In this paper, deposition of PLA filament on an ABS substrate during an ME process is investigated using finite element analysis. A heat transfer finite element (FE) model for the extrusion process is proposed to estimate the parameters of the ME machine for the formulation of a heat flux model. The effects of printing temperature and the stand-off distance on temperature distributions are investigated using the proposed FE model for the extrusion process. The heat flux model is implemented in a proposed heat transfer FE model of single bead deposition of PLA on an ABS plate. From this FE model of deposition, temperature histories during the ME deposition process are estimated. The results of temperature histories are compared with experiments. Using the calibrated FE model, a proper heating temperature of ABS for deposition of PLA is evaluated.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Material extrusion , Polylactic acid (PLA) filament , Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) plate , Finite element analysis , Deposition characteristics
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA1-939 Mathematics > QA71-90 Instruments and machines > QA75.5-76.95 Electronic computers. Computer science
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA1-2040 Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA174 Engineering design
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: DG MASNIAH AHMAD -
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2021 19:09
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2021 19:09
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/30608

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