Dietary intake of students in Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Agama Kota Kinabalu

Guek, Fang Fang (2009) Dietary intake of students in Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Agama Kota Kinabalu. Universiti Malaysia Sabah. (Unpublished)


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Objective of this study was to verify dietary intake measurements from plate waste measurement against 24-hour recall method and Food Frequency Questionnaires (FFQs) for students in residential school. A total of 66 volunteered students comprising 21 males and 45 females whose aged 13, 14 and 16 years old. Triplicate food items served before meal in institutional catering and plate waste after meal were weighed and recorded. Self-administered 24-hour recall was conducted on the day following the weighed record day. Results show that there is significantly different between mean of plate waste measurement and 24-hour recall (p<O.Ol). Plate waste measurement cannot be used to replace 24-hour recall. There is significantly different between 24-hour recall and FFQs (p<O.Ol). FFQs conSistently overestimated dietary intake compared to 24-hour recall method. Thus, FFQs were totally out from the validity comparison with the plate waste measurement. Only 39.4% of subjects had normal weight. Dietary intakes of subjects were below the RNI (2005) except for protein. calcium attainment of RNI was the lowest for males and females. The ratio of provided food contribution from hostel was higher than outside sources to the subjects' nutrient intakes. Dietary fiber, vitamin C and A were the higher contribution from foods in hostel catering. Conclusion of this study is that plate waste measurement cannot be used as an alternative for replacing the 24-hour recall method.

Item Type: Academic Exercise
Uncontrolled Keywords: Diet, Dietary intake, Food Frequency Questionnaires, Nutrition, Hostel catering
Subjects: R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
Divisions: SCHOOL > School of Food Science and Nutrition
Depositing User: ADMIN ADMIN
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2012 10:58
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2017 09:00

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