Analisis perbandingan minyak pati daripada batang dan rizom pada beberapa tumbuhan dari famili Zingiberaceae

Herman Gontuk (2008) Analisis perbandingan minyak pati daripada batang dan rizom pada beberapa tumbuhan dari famili Zingiberaceae. Universiti Malaysia Sabah. (Unpublished)

[img]
Preview
Text
ae0000000421.pdf

Download (2MB) | Preview

Abstract

Tujuh sampel daripada empat spesies telah dikaji dalam menyiapkan projek ini. Kesemua sampel diperolehi dari Kampung Tenghilan, Sabah adalah C. longa (batang), C. longa (rizom), A. galanga (batang), A. galanga (rizom), E. elatior (batang), E. elatior (rizom), Z. officinale (rizom). Peratusan sebatian yang telah dikenalpasti bagi minyak pati sampel segar bagi C. longa, A. galanga, E. elatior, dan Z. officinale adalah masing-masing 0.078%, 0.23%, 0.005%, 0.075%, 0.0025%, 0.0075% dan 0.205% dengan berat minyak masing-masing 0.31g, 0.92g, 0.02g, 0.29g, 0.01g, 0.03g dan 0.82g. Komponen major sebatian kimia yang hadir di dalam batang C. longa terdiri daripada 1-(1-adamantyl)-1-phenylethanol;tricyclo[7.4.0.0(3,8)tridec-12-en-2- one,5,6-epoxy-4-methyl-l-(2-propynyl)-; (4hydroxymethylphenyl)propyl]phenyl } methanol; benzaldehyde, 4-benzyloxy-3-ethoxy- dan terpin diacetate, (E)-. Manakala dalam. rizom C. Zonga pula iaitu 10,13-dimethyl-4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15-dodecahydro-lH-cyclopenta[a]phenanthrene; tricycle [7, 4.0.0(3 ,8) ]tridec-12-en-2-one,5,6-epoxy-4-methyl-1-(2-propynyl)-; 1,3-propanediol, 2-methyl-l-phenyl-3-(p-tolyl)- , 3-phenpropanol, 3'chloro-6'-hydroxy-2',3,3,4',5'-pentamethyl- dan 9 borabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane,9-(2-phenyl-1-propyl)-. Dalam batang A. galanga adalah bicyclo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene, 6,6-dimethyl-2-[2-(phenylmethoxy)ethyl]-,(1S)-; 1-hexadecanol,2-methyl-, Tricyclo[7 .4.0.0(3,8)]tridec-12-en-2-one, 5,6-epoxy-4-metbyl-l-(2-propynyl)-, Benzoic asid, 4-isopropenylcyclohexenylmethyl ester dan 1-(1-Adamantyl)-1-phenylethanol. Manakala dalam rizom A. galanga pula histidine, N-acetyl-4-nitro-,methyl ester ; 1-(1-adamantyl)-l-phenylethanol; 10,13-dimethyl-4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15-dodecahydro-1H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthrene, Bicyclo[3.1.]hept-2-ene, 6,6-dimethyl-2-[2-(phenylmethoxy)ethyl]-,(l S)-, 2,2-dimethyl-6-methylidene-l-[3,5-dihydroxy-l-pentenyl] cyclohexan-l-perhydrol, dan {4-[3-(4-Hydroxymenthylphenyl) propyl]phenyl} methanol. Sebatian kimia utama dalam batang E. elatior adalah tricyclo[7.4.0.0(3,8)]tridec-12-en-2- one, 5,6-epoxy-4-methyl-l-(2-propynyl)-; 9-heptadecanol; {4-[3(4-Hydroxymethylphenyl)propyl]phenyl } methanol; 1-Hexadecanol, 2-methyl-, 1-Heptadecanol dan 9-Borabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane,9-(2-phenyl-l-propyl)- manakala rizom E.vi elatior terdiri daripada 9-heptadecanol; tricyclo[7.4.0.0(3,8)]tridec-12-en-2-one, 5,6- epoxy-4-methyl-l-(2-propynyl)-, I-Heptadecanol, 8-Heptadecanol dan 1-hexadecanol, 2-methyl-. Dan yang terakhir adalah rizom Z. officinale iaitu terdiri daripada tricyclo[7 .4.0.0(3,8)]tridec-12-en-2-one, 5,6-epoxy-4-methyl-l-(2-propynyl)-; 2,2-dimethyl-6-methylidene-l-[3,5-dihydroxy-l-pentenyl]cyclohexan-l-perhydrol; 10,13-dimethyl-4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15-dodecahydro-lH-cyclopenta[a]phenanthrene, 1-Benzoyl-2-hydroxyadam antane, 2-propen-l-ol, 1-[6,6-dimenthylhicyclo(3.1.1 )hept-2-yl]-2-phenyl-(diastereomercs), 10 -oxotricyclo[ 5.4.0.0(2.9)]undecane-8-carboxylic acid-3,3, 7-trimethyl dan terpin diacetate, (E)-.

Item Type: Academic Exercise
Uncontrolled Keywords: Zingiberaceae, C. longa, C. longa, A. galanga, A. galanga, E. elatior, E. elatior, Z. officinale, Tenghilan Village, Tuaran, Sabah
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP1-1185 Chemical technology > TP890-933 Textile bleaching, dyeing, printing, etc.
Divisions: SCHOOL > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: ADMIN ADMIN
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2012 15:03
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2017 09:53
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/396

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item