Nutritional analysis of sea cucumbers from Sabah

Loh, Yi Hao (2006) Nutritional analysis of sea cucumbers from Sabah. Universiti Malaysia Sabah. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Sea cucumber fisheries in Malaysia are exploited in the coastal water around the coral reef regions of Sabah. The sea cucumber which is caught in Sabah, apart trom being consumed in the local market, are also exported to foreign countries. It is processed by boiling and evisceration. The exported sea cucumber is in the dried or trozen form. Scientific researches have proved that sea cucumber has high nutritional content and pharmaceutical value. The main objective of this thesis was to determine the nutritional content of sea cucumber which is available in the local market in Sabah and to compare the nutritional components among the different samples collected. The samples included sandfish (Holothuria scabra), white teatfish (Holothuria fuscogilva), black teatfish (Holothuria nobilis) and kasut (Holothuria fuscopunctata). Proximate analysis was done to determine the nutrition composition of sea cucumbers. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy was used to determine the minerals contents. Meanwhile, UV spectrophotometer was used to measure the soluble protein content in sea cucumber. One-way ANOVA had been used to determine the significant difference among the nutritional components in sea cucumbers. Significant level was set to p<O.05. For the test that did not fulfill the requirement of one-way ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis was used to determine the Significant difference. Results showed that Holothuria fuscogilva had the highest content of ash, lipid, sodium and soluble protein. Holothuria nobilis had the highest carbohydrate, moisture and Iron content compared to other samples. Meanwhile, Holothuria scabra had resulted in higher content of caldum and magnesium. Holothuria fuscogilva had been found to have high protein, zinc and copper content Since Holothuria fuscogilva had high concentration of the nutrients as compared to the other species, we can conclude that it had the highest quality and nutrients content compared to the other samples

Item Type: Academic Exercise
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sea cucumber, Coral reef
Subjects: T Technology > TX Home economics > Nutrition. Foods and food supply
Divisions: SCHOOL > School of Food Science and Nutrition
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email storage.bpmlib@ums.edu.my
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2011 06:07
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2017 07:54
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/1253

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