Optimisation of spray drying operating conditions of Morinda citrifolia L. fruit extract using response surface methodology

Duduku Krishnaiah, and Awang Bono, and Rosalam Sarbatly, and Rajesh @ Nithyanandam Rajasekaran, and Anisuzzaman S.M., (2015) Optimisation of spray drying operating conditions of Morinda citrifolia L. fruit extract using response surface methodology. Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences, 27 (1). pp. 26-36. ISSN 0964-8305

[img]
Preview
PDF
44Kb

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jksues.2012.10.004

Abstract

A conventional solvent extract of Morinda citrifolia L. fruit was spray dried using adjuvant maltodextrin (5 wt.%). Spray drying was carried out according to the D-optimal design, and the independent variables selected were temperature and Mcore/Mwall. The spray drying process was optimised by using response surface methodology (RSM) for four different responses: moisture content (MC), DPPH scavenging activity, total phenolic content (TPC), and total flavonoid (TF). The effects of temperature and of the core to wall material ratio were found to be significant for all responses. The optimal spray drying condition for maltodextrin as binding material was found to be 1:1.5 (Mcore/Mwall, volume ratio of M. citrifolia L. extract to additive solution) at 95 °C. The experimental values of the response variables correspond well to the predicted values. The microparticles obtained in this study represent an interesting food additive for incorporation into functional foods due to the presence of antioxidants.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Morinda citrifolia; Microencapsulation; Spray-drying; Antioxidant; Response surface methodology
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:SCHOOL > School of Engineering and Information Technology
ID Code:14827
Deposited By:IR Admin
Deposited On:15 Nov 2016 14:59
Last Modified:15 Nov 2016 14:59

Repository Staff Only: item control page


Browse Repository
Collection
   Articles
   Book
   Speeches
   Thesis
   UMS News
Search
Quick Search

   Latest Repository

Link to other Malaysia University Institutional Repository

Malaysia University Institutional Repository