Influence of habitat heterogeneity on the assemblages and shell use of hermit crabs (Anomura: Diogenidae)

Teoh, Hong Wooi and Muhammad Ali Syed Hussein, and Chong, Ving Ching (2014) Influence of habitat heterogeneity on the assemblages and shell use of hermit crabs (Anomura: Diogenidae). Zoological Studies, 53 . p. 67. ISSN 1021-5506

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40555-014-0067-6

Abstract

Background Two contrasting intertidal habitats on the western Sabah coast (Malaysia), one is a rocky-sandy-mud flat at Sepangar (N6°02′18.57″; E116°06′40.07″) and the other is a mangrove foreshore at Sulaman (N6°15′33.00″; E116°18′49.80″), are characterized by substrate zonation and homogeneous substrate (mud), respectively. Hermit crabs are one of the most conspicuous benthic macrofauna at both sites. The study examined the influence of habitat heterogeneity on the assemblages and shell use pattern of hermit crabs. Results The heterogeneous intertidal flat at Sepangar (five species) supported a higher diversity and abundance of hermit crabs compared to Sulaman mangrove foreshore (two species). Hermit crabs at Sepangar used a greater variety of shells (30 species) compared to those at Sulaman (two species). Zonation of hermit crab species occurred at Sepangar where Diogenes klaasi dominated at the high-tide mark and two Clibanarius species (C. striolatus and C. merguiensis) dominated at the low-tide mark. Considerable overlap in habitat use (mid- and lower shore) occurred between D. tumidus and the two Clibanarius species which appeared to influence shell use pattern. Conclusions This study supports the work of others showing that structurally complex habitats will allow habitat partition among species thus explaining the greater diversity and abundance of hermit crabs. Such a heterogeneous habitat provides a wider choice of shells for the hermit crabs, minimizing interspecific competition for the available shell resources.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Hermit crabs, Diversity, Habitat heterogeneity, Tropical intertidal
Subjects:Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions:SCHOOL > Borneo Marine Research Institute
ID Code:15103
Deposited By:IR Admin
Deposited On:06 Dec 2016 11:28
Last Modified:06 Dec 2016 11:28

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