Synthesis and characterization of metal oxide promoted alumina catalyst for biofuel production

S. M. Anisuzzaman, and Duduku Krishnaiah, and Awang Bono, and S Abang, and M Sundang, and Emma Suali, and Farhana Abd Lahin, and A Shaik Alawodeen, (2016) Synthesis and characterization of metal oxide promoted alumina catalyst for biofuel production. In: IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science.

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Abstract

Alumina has been widely used as a support in catalysis process which owing to its extremely thermal and mechanical stability, high surface area, large pore size and pore volume. The aim of this study was to synthesize calcium oxide-supported basic alumina catalysts (CaO/Al2O3) by impregnation method and to characterize the properties of the catalyst based on its surface area and porosity, functional group, surface morphology and particle size. Impregnation method was chosen for the synthesization of catalyst which involved contacting the support with the impregnating solution for a particular period of time, drying the support to remove the imbibed liquid and calcination process. In the preparation of catalyst, catalytic performance of CaO/Al2O3 catalyst was measured at different calcined temperatures (650°C, 750°C and 800°C). Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP), and particle size analyzer (Zetasizer) was used to characterize the catalyst. The highest total specific area and the total porosity of the catalyst was obtained at 750oC. FTIR analysis basically studied on the functional groups present in each catalyst synthesized, while SEM analysis was observed to have pores on its surface. Moreover, CaO/Al2O3 catalysts at 650°C produced the smallest particle size (396.1 mn), while at 750°C produced the largest particle size (712.4 mn). Thus it can be concluded that CaO/Al2O3 catalysts has great potential coimnercialization since CaO has attracted many attentions compared to other alkali earth metal oxides especially on the transesterification reaction.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Calcium acetate , basic alumina, alkali
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Noraini
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2018 01:24
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2018 01:24
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/18777

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