Diversity study on epiphytic mosses in Mount Alab Permanent Research Plot, Croker Range Park

Chin, Mui Ken (2008) Diversity study on epiphytic mosses in Mount Alab Permanent Research Plot, Croker Range Park. Masters thesis, Universiti Malaysia Sabah.

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Abstract

This study investigated the diversity of epiphytic mosses in Mount Alab Permanent Research Plot, Crocker Range Park (CRP). The objectives were (1) To determine the diversity and abundance of epiphytic mosses in Mount Alab Permanent Research Plot; (2) To determine the relationships between vertical distributions, tree size and DBH of host tree with species composition of epiphytic mosses, and (3) To produce an updated checklist of mosses for Crocker Range Park based on the area studied. This study was conducted in six 10 m x 10 m sub plots; three sub plots B2, C4 and 03 with large trees and three sub plots AD, 01 and E4 with small trees. On each tree, three quadrats of 600 cm2 each (20 cm x 30 cm; on small tree 15 em x 40 em) were positioned at height zone 1:0-40 cm; height zone 2:40-80 cm and height zone 3:140-180 em. Parameters such as vertical zone and tree size were selected to determine their relationships with species composition of epiphytic mosses. A total of 20 species belonging to 10 genera with 163 specimens of epiphytic mosses were documented. Sub plots B2 and C4 yielded the highest total number of species with 12 species respectively followed by 03 and 01 with 10 species respectively, whereas E4 recorded nine species and AO recorded the lowest number of species that is eight. In all, seven families were recorded. The family Sematophyllaceae yielded the highest number of species, followed by Oicranaceae, Calymperaceae and leucobryaceae. Meanwhile, Hypnaceae, Sphagnaceae and Oaltoniaceae yielded the lowest number of species. The three most dominant species were Dicranaloma blumei, Acroporium rufum and Mastopoma armitti. There was a significant difference in the species composition of epiphytic mosses at different vertical zones where species composition was highest in height zone 3 followed by height zones 2 and height zone 1. However, the species composition of epiphytic mosses was not significantly different for tree size. The correlation between OBH of host tree and species composition of epiphytic mosses was not significant except for host tree Tristaniopsis. An updated checklist of mosses in CRP was compiled whereby a total of 173 species in 87 genera and twenty nine families were documented. Out of this number, 9 species are new records to CRP, namely Acroporium rufum, Acroporium d. convolutum, Trichosteleum pseudo-mammosum, Mastopoma armitti, Dicranaloma blumei, Syrrhopodon laevis, Leucobryum scabrum, Ectopothecium falciforme and Sphagnum junghuhnianum.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: diversity, Crocker Range Park, epiphytic mosses, abundance
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany
Divisions: SCHOOL > Institute for Tropical Biology and Conservation
Depositing User: Munira
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2018 08:21
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2018 08:21
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/19490

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