Studies on in vitro propagation and screening of athocyanin and volatile compounds of vanda orchids

Devina David, (2008) Studies on in vitro propagation and screening of athocyanin and volatile compounds of vanda orchids. Masters thesis, Universiti Malaysia Sabah.

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Abstract

Vanda helvola belongs to the Borneo orchid and listed as one of the endangered orchid species. The in vitro propagations of V. helvola were successfully established through seed germination and leaf segment culture. The effect of basal media (KC, MS, and VW); complex additives (tomato juice, coconut water, yeast extract and peptone); and plant growth regulators (NM, BAP, 2, 4-0 and kinetin) were examined to determine the optimum medium for seed germination, protocorm and seedling growth, protocorm proliferation and PLBs induction from leaf culture. All cultures from the entire studies were maintained under 24 h light conditions at 25 ± 2°C. Seeds of V. helvola were aseptically cultured and germinated for over 90% on Knudson C (KC) basal medium supplemented with 10 - 15% (v/V) of tomato juice after 90 days of culture. The germinated seed developed to protocorm and the establishment of V. helvola seedling was best performed in medium added with 0.1 - 0.2% (wtv) of peptone. The final seedling stage was achieved with a formation of 4 - 5 leaves and 3 roots. The acclimatization of seedling was then achieved when the well-developed seedling was transferred to pot containing brick pieces and coconut husks (1:2) and mulched with Sphagnum sp. The potted plants survived with 55.67% after 12 months, and shifted to Taman Pertanian Lagud Sebrang for further growth. The proliferation of V. helvola protocorm was demonstrated on KC basal medium with addition of NAA or BAP. Multiplication of protocorm was high on KC basal medium containing 1 mgtl BAP with a production of 10.57 ± 0.36 new protocorms per responsive explant. The addition of 2.0 mgt I NAA to this treatment has lowered the proliferation rate (7.46 ± 0.36), but increased the shoot/leaf promoting effect of the new protocorms. The PlBs induction from leaf segment culture produced a range of 5 - 9 PLBs on Mitra basal medium supplemented with 0.5 mg/l NAA and 4.0 mg/l BAP after 90 days of culture. Besides the tissue culture study, a preliminary screening on anthocyanin and volatile content has been done on two Borneo Vanda species i.e., V. helvola and V. dearei. The results showed that a high PAL enzyme activity in V. dearei flower might concurrent with the present of cinnamaldehyde compound from GCMS analysis, which supported with a strong fragrance emission from this flower. Meanwhile, higher anthocyanin content in V. helvola flower extract might be related with the colour of this flower. The successful establishment of the tissue culture techniques on V. helvola would be beneficial to the Borneo orchid's conservation, while the preliminary data on anthocyanin pigmentation and volatile content might be useful for future research in understanding the regulation of these compounds.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Borneo orchid, in vitro propagation, seed germination, leaf segment culture
Subjects: S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Science and Natural Resources
Depositing User: Munira
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2018 08:19
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2018 08:19
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/19718

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