Micropropagation of Paphiopedilum rothschildianum callus using temporary immersion bioreactor system

Makdi Masnoddin, and Rimi Repin, and Zaleha Abd Aziz, (2016) Micropropagation of Paphiopedilum rothschildianum callus using temporary immersion bioreactor system. Thai Agricultural Research Journal, 34 (2). pp. 161-171.

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Abstract

This research was aimed to propagate Paphiopedilum rothschildianum through protocorm like bodies (PLBs) induction from callus and shoot regeneration from PLBs using RITA® Temporary Immersion Systems. Callus were induced from seeds and protocorm explants on half-strength semi-solid MS medium supplemented with 0-22.6 M 2,4-dichlorophenoacetic acid (2,4-D) and 4.54 M 1-phenyl-3-(1,2,3-thiadiazol-5-yl)-urea (TDZ). Approximately 0.5 g callus were inoculated in a 1L RITA® vessel containing 150 ml liquid medium with immersion time of 5 min in every 125 min. Different concentrations (15 and 58 mM) of sucrose were evaluated for PLB formation from callus. The explants produced calli as early as 30 days. The percentages of explant forming callus after 90 days of culture were 77.04.5% and 94.411.0% respectively. Callus proliferation using RITA® system showed 3-fold increase in fresh weight (as compared to that cultured on semi-solid) and 135 PLBs per gram calli were regenerated. Regeneration capacity increased to 190 PLBs per gram calli when sucrose concentration in the medium was elevated from 15 mM to 58 mM.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Protocorm , Protocorm like bodies (PLB), RITA®, 2,4-dichlorophenoacetic acid (2,4-D), 1-phenyl-3-(1,2,3-thiadiazol-5-yl)-urea (TDZ)
Subjects: S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Science and Natural Resources
Depositing User: Noraini
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2018 08:20
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2018 08:20
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/19733

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