The effect of exercise therapy on motorabilities in children with Cerebral Palsy

Md. Safwan Samsi, and Asma Hayati Ahmad, (2018) The effect of exercise therapy on motorabilities in children with Cerebral Palsy. International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 3 (3). pp. 38-42. ISSN 2519-5671

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Abstract

Introduction: Cerebral palsy (CP) is a term for a range of non-progressive syndromes of posture and motor impairment thatresults from an insult to the developing central nervous system of embryo and fetus in utero, until the first two years ofbirth. It means that the disorder or disease process will not worsen with time (Miller, et al., 2006; Goldstein, 2004). Therate of disease occurrence is one or two in a thousand (1000) live births and spasticity is the predominant motorabnormality (Odding, et al., 2006). Objective: To examine the effect of exercise on motor abilities of cerebral palsychildren using the Gross Motor Function Measures - 88 (GMFM). Methodology: A within-subject, single arm pre andpost-test research design was employed. Ten spastic cerebral palsy children with age ranging from eight to eighteen yearsold (mean age ± SD = 12.7 ±3.653, six males) were recruited. Six of the children were diplegic and four were hemiplegic.The children were given 6 weeks of exercise therapy at a frequency of twice a week, and duration of 1 hour each session,under the guidance of a trained instructor. The effect of exercise on motor abilities was assessed using the GMFM-88administered pre- and post-exercise therapy. Results: Motor abilities of the children as indexed by GMFM scoressignificantly improved with the exercise intervention 6 weeks after exercise therapy program ends. There was significantdifference in the overall GMFM scores between pre and post intervention, p = 0.005. When the five dimensions in GMFMwere analyzed separately, there was significant improvement in scores for each dimension: Lying and Rolling (p=0.005),Sitting (p=0.005), Crawling and Kneeling (p=0.007), Standing (p=0.007) and lastly, Walking, Running and Jumping(p=0.011). Conclusion: Exercise therapy improves motor abilities in cerebral palsy children as shown by increased GMFMscores in all dimensions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cerebral palsy, Exercise therapy, Gross Motor Function
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Psychology and Education
Depositing User: Noraini
Date Deposited: 07 May 2019 00:29
Last Modified: 07 May 2019 00:29
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/21901

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