Women in rural Sabah: a case study of a Kadazandusun village in Ranau district, Sabah

Suriani suratman, and Heiko Schulze, Women in rural Sabah: a case study of a Kadazandusun village in Ranau district, Sabah.

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Abstract

The study of rural women especially in the context of agriculture has become prominent since two decades. Such research aims to bring to the forefront the direct and indirect contributions of women on family farms and their influence in decision-making activities. But even after considerable research has been conducted worldwide it is still difficult even to give an accurate accounting of the women involved in agriculture. This lack of knowledge is even more apparent in the case of traditional subsistence agriculture of shifting cultivators such as the Kadazandusun in Ranau district in Sabah. In this research, it is argued that Kadazandusun women not only playa significant role in agriculture but in fact dominate all aspects of agricultural production whereas men tend to look for permanent employment opportunities elsewhere. The employment of male villagers has led to a shortage of manpower for agricultural activities, in particular hill-rice cultivation. Farming household have been responding to these changes by shifting their land use from annual subsistence 'crops to perennial cash crops I (fruits). However, the cultivation of subsistence crops such as hill-rice and vegetables is still an important economic activity for a significant number of households. Home-grown rice and vegetables reduce household expenditures and surplus vegetables provide an additional income. The overall structural consequence of the adaptation of households to changes on the gender division of labour is a process of dichotomising of gender roles especially in farming.

Item Type: Research Report
Uncontrolled Keywords: Women , Ranau , Kadazandusun , Sabah
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
Depositing User: Noraini
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2019 08:25
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2019 08:25
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/23219

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