Potential of Typha angustifolia L. in removing norethindrone from water

Lee, Jie-Yinn and Vairappan, Charles Santhanaraju and Kartini Saibeh, (2018) Potential of Typha angustifolia L. in removing norethindrone from water. Science and Natural Resources, 5 (2). pp. 58-67.

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Abstract

Uncontrollable demand of pharmaceutical especially contraception drugs and poor performance of conventional wastewater treatment plants has resulted in the increasing concentration of pharmaceutical residues in natural environment. Phytotechnology (phytoremediation technology) such as constructed wetland has been introduced as post treatment before the effluent is discharged from wastewater treatment plants to natural water courses. In this context, a study was conducted to assess the potential of the macrophyte, Typha angustifolia to remove norethindrone. This evaluation was conducted in hydroponic solutions with 0.5 – 2.0 mg/L of norethindrone for a maximum period of 21 days. The removal efficiency of norethindrone from the water by T. angustifolia reached a value of 90% of the initial contents. The range of relative growth rates of T. angustifolia in the norethindrone treated assays was 1.821 – 2.589. The result obtained from this study suggests that T. angustifolia has high capability to adapt and crop the toxicity of norethindrone when it is applied in phytotreatment.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Norethindrone, pharmaceutical, phytoremediation, Typha angustifolia L
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Divisions: SCHOOL > Institute for Tropical Biology and Conservation
Depositing User: MDM SITI AZIZAH IDRIS
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2019 23:15
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2019 23:15
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/24278

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