Substrate formulation for cultivation of Pleurotus Sajor-Caju from oil palm empty fruit bunch and sugarcane Bagasse

Normaidah Donal, (2017) Substrate formulation for cultivation of Pleurotus Sajor-Caju from oil palm empty fruit bunch and sugarcane Bagasse. Universiti Malaysia Sabah. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Oyster mushroom, Pleurotus sajor-caju, was cultivated on empty fruit bunch of oil palm fibre and sugarcane bagasse. This study was carried out to determine the best formulations for the growth and yield of oyster mushroom and determines the composition of these substrates that could produce optimum growth and production of Oyster mushroom by using mixture response surface methodology (MRSM). By using the simplex centroid design, seven formulations were obtained. Four of the formulations repeated randomly, which make it became 11 formulations, for test of validation of data. Based on the results, the shortest spawn running period and primordia initiation was on 100% sawdust (Formulation 1 and 8) and 100% EFB (Formulation 4 and 5). For number of fruiting bodies which was 11, achieved by 100% SB (Formulation 7). Next, the largest size of mushroom was on 50% SD + 50% SB (Formulation 6), 6.26 cm. Substrate with 100% EFB fibre, Formulation 4 shows the most rapid mycelial extension every week which the growth of mycelia covered about 61.88% of the total height of the bags just in one week. The fresh weight on the 33% SD + 33% SB + 33% EFB fibre (Formulation 10)was 65.3 g. Formulation 2 showed the highest dry weight which was 11.25 g. The results indicated that the moisture contents of the mushroom ranged from 66.4%-92.3%. Dry matter content of mushroom cultivated on the combinations of 50% SB+ 50% EFB fibre shows the highest which was 34.6%

Item Type: Academic Exercise
Uncontrolled Keywords: Oyster mushroom , empty fruit bunch , fibre
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Sustainable Agriculture
Depositing User: Noraini
Date Deposited: 30 Dec 2019 09:15
Last Modified: 30 Dec 2019 09:15
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/24494

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