Impact of population ageing on economic growth

Ong, Seng Huat and Ho, Chong Mun and Norlita Ismail, (2012) Impact of population ageing on economic growth. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Based on United Nation projections, world population structure have tendency to move toward the population aging structure. Population aging is said would induce several problems to a country in term of theirs macroeconomic, labour market and social security. However, researcher believed impact of aging society may vary depend on economic policies implemented. Effective policies implemented can help in offsetting the effect of population aging. Most of the early studied have utilized panel data in their analysis. Nevertheless, the results can only provide a general conclusion. In addition, previous empirical result uncovers the possibility of the existence of nonlinear relationship. Hence, both linear and nonlinear causality test are employed in this thesis to examine the causal relationship among old-age dependency ratio and work to retirement ratio on economic growth. The countries involved in this analysis include Japan, Germany, China, Malaysia and Singapore. Findings suggested that economic policies implemented do affect the impact of the population aging. Japan seems to have better policies in dealing with the aging society. Result also show that adjustment on retirement age gives significant effect on economic growth. Besides, few cases show the existence of nonlinear causal relationship. Therefore, nonlinear relationship should also be considered to avoid bias result.

Item Type: Research Report
Uncontrolled Keywords: Population aging , aging society , economic growth
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Depositing User: Noraini
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2020 02:45
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2020 02:45
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/24714

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