Program penempatan semula penduduk dan Pembangunan Bersepadu Gana (Grid): implikasi kepada aset penghidupan penduduk

Roben Well, (2019) Program penempatan semula penduduk dan Pembangunan Bersepadu Gana (Grid): implikasi kepada aset penghidupan penduduk. Masters thesis, Universiti Malaysia Sabah.

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Abstract

The resettlement of the population is one of the programs implemented to develop the rural area in most of the world In Malaysia, several resettlement programs have implemented such as FELDA, Orang Asli Gathering Plan, and the resettlement of Bakun Dam has given impact to the affected population. In line with the current global that emphasizes sustainable development, there is a need to evaluate the impact of the implementation of a resettlement program. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the implications of the GRID program to the partidpant's livelihood assets. To achieve the purpose of the study, three objectives have been outlined, first to identifying the socio-economic activities of the participants before and after the implementation of GRID, analyzing the impact of GRID on the partidpant livelihood asset and proposing the measure to strengthen partidpant livelihood assets. This study using quantitative and qualitative methods with data collected through questionnaire form, interviews and observations. A total of 103 respondents involved consisting of family heads and experienced living in their old village and GRID. Other than that, the quantitative data analyzed using descriptive statistics method with the data presented in the form of frequency, mean and graph. Whereas, the qualitative data analyzed using the narrative analysis methods. The results showed that after the partidpants moved to GRID the non­agricultural activities became more important and the agricultural activities remained their main activity in both areas. Furthermore, the finding also shows the positive impact on physical assets such as the provision of consistent infrastructure fadlities and the impact on human assets such as improving the education of young people. On the other hand, the GRID Program also has given a negative impact on natural assets such as loss of access to forest resources and land ownership. Overali the use of the Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA) to identify resettlement impacts has helped to see overall the GRID's impact on the participants' to the livelihood assets.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Malaysia , FELDA , Orang Asli , GRID
Subjects: Q Science > QE Geology
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Humanities, Arts and Heritage
Depositing User: Noraini
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2020 01:11
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2020 01:11
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/25771

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