Nutrient intakes of women from low income households in Kampung Tebobon, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah

Dora Liyana Abd Lataf, (2010) Nutrient intakes of women from low income households in Kampung Tebobon, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah. Universiti Malaysia Sabah. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the nutrient intakes of women from low income households in Kampung Tebobon, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah. Studies were carried out on 28 women from low income households aged 18 to 59 years old. The respondents were interviewed and measured for socio-demographic, dietary intake, nutritional status and food security. Food intake records using 3 day-24 hour dietary recall, body mass index (BMI) and body fat composition measurements were obtained. Food security which may influence nutrient intakes and nutritional status was also studied using the Radimer/Cornell hunger and food insecurity instrument. Mean energy intake was 1255.0 ± 388.7 kcal/d, compared to 1580 ± 53 kcal/d for Sabahan Bumiputera women as reported from the MANS study (Mirnalini et aI., 2008). Mean contribution of energy from protein, fat and carbohydrate was 11%, 21.7% and 29.4% respectively. As for vitamins and minerals, more than 60% of respondents did not meet RNI for calcium, iron, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin and vitamin C. There was a significant correlation between level of food security and calcium, iron, thiamine and niacin intakes (p<0.05). Most of the women, 48.1% were categorized in the normal BMI range, but 8MI was not associated to food security. Majority of the households (85.7%) reported to be in some degree of food insecurity (household insecure 25%, individual insecure 53.6% and child hunger 7.1%). There is a need for improving the quality of the nutrient intakes of this group to prevent nutrient deficiencies and their consequences. Further studies should be carried out using biochemical markers of nutritional status to validate dietary intake reports.

Item Type: Academic Exercise
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nutrient intake, Low income households, Kampung Tebobon, Dietary intake, Nutritional status
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
T Technology > TX Home economics > Nutrition. Foods and food supply
Divisions: SCHOOL > School of Food Science and Nutrition
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email storage.bpmlib@ums.edu.my
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2012 01:40
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2017 01:03
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/3491

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