Dietary habits of women from low income households in Kg. Tebobon, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah

Nurul Farhana Rahmat, (2010) Dietary habits of women from low income households in Kg. Tebobon, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah. Universiti Malaysia Sabah. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to compare between habitual food intake of women from low income households in Kg. Tebobon and the Malaysian Food Pyramid recommendations, and to study the correlation between habitual intake and their Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP). A total of 28 women (mean age 33.9 ± 11.5 y) from low income households in Kg. Tebobon with mean per capita monthly income of RMl44.40 ± 42.35 were selected by purposive sampling. A set of questionnaire which consisted of i) demographic; ii) KAP; iii) Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and iv) Meal Pattern were used. Nutrition Knowledge questionnaire adapted from Parmenter & Wardle (1999), while Attitude and Practices questionnaires adapted from Nelson et al (2007) were used to assess the KAP score of subjects. FFQ and Meal Pattern Questionnaires were adapted from MANS 2003 (MOH,2008d) to study the dietary Intake. Rice was consumed by 100% of the subjects with mean frequency Intake of 1.65 times per day. Plain water was the most consumed beverage with consumption of 6.27 times daily. Mean daily intake of meat, fish, poultry and products was 5.81 ± 2.17 servings, with 85.71% of women having intakes above recommended servings of 2 to 3 servings/day. Achievement of recommended servings for all food groups was not systematic; only 14.3% of subjects met all the recommendations for all food groups. Most of the subjects (39.3%) were in the second tertile of KAP score; mean score was 47.91 ± 3.48 out of a maximum of 100. There was no significant correlation(p >0.05) between KAP scores and number of servings consumed for each food group. There was a positive correlation between education level of subjects and their KAP scores (rs=0.18) but it was not significant (p = 0.366). Most subjects (73.91%) ate home prepared breakfast, lunch and dinner; with 82.14% eating only those three meals without snacks. This study suggests that nutritionists should focus on inculcating awareness good dietary habits by providing nutrition education to low income households.

Item Type: Academic Exercise
Uncontrolled Keywords: Food, Food habit, Woman from low income households, Kg. Tebobon, Malaysian Food Pyramid
Subjects: T Technology > TX Home economics > Nutrition. Foods and food supply
Divisions: SCHOOL > School of Food Science and Nutrition
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email storage.bpmlib@ums.edu.my
Date Deposited: 22 May 2012 23:50
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2017 04:04
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/4157

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