Quality and cost of protein sources consumed in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah

Seow, Chia Chia (2010) Quality and cost of protein sources consumed in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah. Universiti Malaysia Sabah. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The study investigated the consumption patterns of protein sources among adults aged 20 to 39 years in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah. A total of 384 respondents comprised of 192 men and 192 women were interviewed. A semi-quantitative FFQ which consisted of 57 protein sources of both animal and plant proteins were used to evaluate the consumption pattern. Both gender was found to consume more protein sources from plants with mean intake of 27.37±7.71g for men and 25.06±5.74g for women (p<0.05) than animal with mean intake of 9.83±4.33g for men and 9.50±3.17g for women (p>0.05). Major foods contributing to protein intake were rice (235±96.18g), rice noodle (61.50±39.42g), milk (58.78± 38.1g) soya bean and soya bean products (8.05 ± 40.21g), marine fish (27.01 ± 7.37g) and chicken eggs (26.1 ± 11.3g). Total protein contents of the food items were obtained from the Malaysian Food Composition Table. Prices of these foods were obtained from a hypermarket and a wet market in Kota Kinabalu. Qualities of proteins were ranked using chemical score based on FAO/UNU/WHO 1985. This information was used to develop Protein Source Index (PSI), which ranked the protein according to its content, quality and cost. Soya bean was the found to be the cheapest and high quality protein source at the top of the PSI. PSI can serve as a guide to improve nutrition status in impoverished communities at rural parts of Sabah.

Item Type: Academic Exercise
Uncontrolled Keywords: Protein, Sources of protein, Protein intake, Kota Kinabalu
Subjects: T Technology > TX Home economics > Nutrition. Foods and food supply
Divisions: SCHOOL > School of Food Science and Nutrition
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email storage.bpmlib@ums.edu.my
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2012 09:39
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2017 03:59
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/4177

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