Reliable, verifiable and efficient monitoring of biodiversity via metabarcoding

Suzan Benedick, and Ji, Yinqiu and Ashton, Louise and Pedley, Scott M. and Edwards, David P. and Tang, Yong and Nakamura, Akihiro and Kitching, Roger and Woodcock, Paul and Dolman, Paul M. and Edwards, Felicity A. and Larsen, Trond H. and Hsu, Wayne W. and Hamer, Keith C. and Wilcove, David S. and Bruce, Catharine and Wang, Xiaoyang and Levi, Taal and Lott, Martin and Emerson, Brent C. and Yu, Douglas W. (2013) Reliable, verifiable and efficient monitoring of biodiversity via metabarcoding. Ecology Letters, 16 (10). pp. 1245-1257. ISSN 1461-0248

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Abstract

To manage and conserve biodiversity, one must know what is being lost, where, and why, as well as which remedies are likely to be most effective. Metabarcoding technology can characterise the species compositions of mass samples of eukaryotes or of environmental DNA. Here, we validate metabarcoding by testing it against three high-quality standard data sets that were collected in Malaysia (tropical), China (subtropical) and the United Kingdom (temperate) and that comprised 55,813 arthropod and bird specimens identified to species level with the expenditure of 2,505 person-hours of taxonomic expertise. The metabarcode and standard data sets exhibit statistically correlated alpha- and beta-diversities, and the two data sets produce similar policy conclusions for two conservation applications: restoration ecology and systematic conservation planning. Compared with standard biodiversity data sets, metabarcoded samples are taxonomically more comprehensive, many times quicker to produce, less reliant on taxonomic expertise and auditable by third parties, which is essential for dispute resolution.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiversity, climate change, DNA barcoding, heathland, restoration ecology, surveillance monitoring, systematic conservation planning, targeted monitoring, tropical forest
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Depositing User: MDM SITI AZIZAH IDRIS
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2014 02:40
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2017 04:36
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/7434

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