The potential of microalgae meal as an ingredient in the diets of early juvenile Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei

Najamuddin Abdul Basri, and Sitti Raehanah Muhamad Shaleh, and Patricia @ Patricia Clementina Matanjun, and Normawaty Mohammad Noor, and Rossita Shapawi, (2014) The potential of microalgae meal as an ingredient in the diets of early juvenile Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei. Journal of Applied Phycology . ISSN 9218971

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10811-014-0383-6

Abstract

This study evaluated the potential of green water meal (GWM) as an ingredient in the diets for early juvenile Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei. Five isonitrogenous and isolipidic diets were formulated with 0 % (control diet), 10, 20, 30, and 40 % (GWM0, GWM10, GWM20, GWM30, and GWM40, respectively) of GWM replacing fish meal protein and fed three times daily to triplicate groups of shrimp with an average initial weight of 1.73 ± 0.003 g. In general, growth of the shrimp decreased with increasing level of GWM substitution. Except for the final weight (g) and weight gain (%), no significant differences was detected in specific growth rate (% day-1), daily feed intake (DFI), and feed conversion ratio (FCR) of GWM10 and the control diet. Replacing fish meal protein with 20-40 % GWM resulted in significantly poorer performance than the control diet. Survival rate was above 95 % in all treatments with no significant difference detected. The whole-body proximate composition of shrimp fed experimental diets was significantly affected by the inclusion of GWM with no definite trend. Interestingly, the GWM-based diets (GWM10, GWM20, GWM30, and GWM40) produced shrimp with more intense red/orange color and significantly higher total carotenoid concentration than the control diet. The present findings suggest that GWM is a good source of carotenoid and an acceptable alternative protein source for shrimp which can be included in the diet at a level of about 10 % without significant negative effect on survival, FCR, and SGR.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Fish meal; Green water; Litopenaeus vannamei; Microalgae meal; Pacific white shrimp; Pigmentation Hemisphere; stratosphere; Borneo; East Malaysia; Malaysia; Sabah
Subjects:T Technology > TX Home economics > Nutrition. Foods and food supply
ID Code:9773
Deposited By:IR Admin
Deposited On:28 Oct 2014 14:49
Last Modified:19 May 2015 16:48

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