Network pharmacology and component analysis integrated study to unveil molecular mechanisms of a traditional chinese medicine decoction (polygonum multiflorum, rehmannia glutinosa, senna obtusifolia and crataegus) in hypertension treatment

Lem, Fui Fui and Fernandes Opook and Fahcina P. Lawson and Yong, Wilson,Thau Lym and Chee, Fong Tyng Network pharmacology and component analysis integrated study to unveil molecular mechanisms of a traditional chinese medicine decoction (polygonum multiflorum, rehmannia glutinosa, senna obtusifolia and crataegus) in hypertension treatment. Research Square. pp. 1-17. ISSN 2693-5015

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Abstract

Background: Traditional Chinese Medicines (TCM) are known for their curative effects on hypertension through a holistic approach. The molecular mechanisms of the formulation comprising Polygonum multiorum, Rehmannia glutinosa, Senna obtusifolia and Crataegus, used by Chinese practitioners in ameliorating hypertension, however remain a mystery. This initial study is thus aimed at unveiling the molecular mechanisms of this TCM formulation in treating hypertension. Methods: The methanolic extract compounds of the decoction were identied through Liquid chromatography mass spectrometry-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Oral bioavailability and drug likeness were then measured to lter out identied compounds. Several databases, such as the SwissTargetPrediction, STRING, OMIM and KEGG, were used to retrieve information on the predicted targets for the purpose of developing a network using Cytoscape Version 3.8. Enrichment analysis was then performed to elucidate the mechanisms of the decoction in hypertension mitigation. Results: A total of 11 compounds identied were revealed to possess bioavailable and drug like characteristics, based on the Veber and Quantitative Estimation of Drug-likeness (QED) parameters. Pathway analysis showed enrichment of pathways such as cardiac muscle contraction, uid shear stress and atherosclerosis, dilated cardiomyopathy, renin-angiotensin system and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), which are all strongly associated with hypertension. Conclusion: The network pharmacology analysis clearly shows that this TCM decoction ameliorates hypertension through several indirect pathways where most of the targets are involved in HCM, which is caused by hypertension.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Polygonum Multiorum , Rehmannia Glutinosa , Senna Obtusifolia , Crataegus , Hypertension , Network pharmacological analysis, Cheminformatics
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: INSTITUTE > Biotechnology Research Institute (BRI)
Depositing User: NORAINI LABUK -
Date Deposited: 09 Jun 2021 11:40
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2021 11:40
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/27017

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