Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its risk factors in adult Malaysians: Results of a nationwide survey

Wan Nazaimoon Wan Mohamud and Aziz al Safi Ismail and Amir Sharifuddin Md Khir and Ikram Shah Ismail and Kamarul Imran Musa and Khalid Abdul Kadir and Nor Azmi Kamaruddin and Nor Azwany Yaacob and Norlaila Mustafa and Osman Ali and Siti Harnida and Wan Mohamad Wan Bebakar (2010) Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its risk factors in adult Malaysians: Results of a nationwide survey. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. ISSN 0168-8227 (In Press)


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Aim To report the national prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its risk factors among adult Malaysians (>18 years old) based on World Health Organization (WHO), the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel III (ATP III), International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and the ‘Harmonized’ criteria. Methods A multi-stage stratified sampling method was used to select 4341 subjects from Peninsular and East previous term Subjects underwent physical and clinical examinations. Results Based on the WHO, ATP III, IDF and Harmonized definitions, the overall crude prevalences of MetS were 32.1, 34.3, 37.1 and 42.5%, respectively. Regardless of the criteria used, MetS was higher in urban areas, in females, in the Indian population and increased significantly with age. Risk factors also increased with age; abdominal obesity was most prevalent (57.4%), was higher in females (64.2%) and was highest in Indians (68.8%). Hypertension was higher in males (56.5%) and highest among Malaysians (52.2%). In contrast, the Chinese had the highest prevalence of hypertriglyceridaemia (47.4%). Conclusions previous termMalaysianext term has a much higher prevalence of MetS compared with other Asian countries and, unless there is immediate intervention to reduce risk factors, this may pose serious implications on the country's healthcare costs and services.

Item Type: Article
Keyword: Metabolic syndrome, Risk factors, Malaysia
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC31-1245 Internal medicine > RC581-951 Specialties of internal medicine > RC627.5-632 Metabolic diseases
Department: SCHOOL > School of Medicine
Depositing User: ADMIN ADMIN
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2011 16:23
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2017 14:47

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