Curcumin attenuates oxidative damage in animals treated with a renal carcinogen, ferric nitrilotriacetate (Fe-NTA): Implications for cancer prevention

Iqbal, Mohammad and Yasumasa, Okazaki and Shigeru, Okada (2009) Curcumin attenuates oxidative damage in animals treated with a renal carcinogen, ferric nitrilotriacetate (Fe-NTA): Implications for cancer prevention. Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, 324 (1-2). pp. 157-164. ISSN 0300-8177


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Curcumin (diferuloylmethane), a biologically active ingredient derived from rhizome of the plant Curcuma longa, has potent anticancer properties as demonstrated in a plethora of human cancer cell lines/ animal carcinogenesis model and also acts as a biological response modifier in various disorders. We have reported previously that dietary supplementation of curcumin suppresses renal ornithine decarboxylase (Okazaki et al. Biochim Biophys Acta 1740:357-366, 2005) and enhances activities of antioxidant and phase II metabolizing enzymes in mice (Iqbal et al. Pharmacol Toxicol 92:33-38, 2003) and also inhibits Fe-NTA-induced oxidative injury of lipids and DNA in vitro (Iqbal et al. Teratog Carcinog Mutagen 1:151-160, 2003). This study was designed to examine whether curcumin possess the potential to suppress the oxidative damage caused by kidney-specific carcinogen, Fe-NTA, in animals. In accord with previous report, at 1 h after Fe-NTA treatment (9.0 mg Fe/kg body weight intraperitoneally), a substantial increased formation of 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE)-modified protein adducts in renal proximal tubules of animals was observed. Likewise, the levels of 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and protein reactive carbonyl, an indicator of protein oxidation, were also increased at 1 h after Fe-NTA treatment in the kidneys of animals. The prophylactic feeding of animals with 1.0% curcumin in diet for 4 weeks completely abolished the formation of (i) HNE-modified protein adducts, (ii) 8-OHdG, and (iii) protein reactive carbonyl in the kidneys of Fe-NTA-treated animals. Taken together, our results suggest that curcumin may afford substantial protection against oxidative damage caused by Fe-NTA, and these protective effects may be mediated via its antioxidant properties. These properties of curcumin strongly suggest that it could be used as a cancer chemopreventive agent. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2009.

Item Type: Article
Keyword: 4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal, 8-Hydroxydeoxyguanosine, Cancer prevention, Curcumin, Ferric nitrilotriacetate, Oxidative stress, Protein carbonyl
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP1-1185 Chemical technology > TP248.13-248.65 Biotechnology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC31-1245 Internal medicine > RC254-282 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology Including cancer and carcinogens
Department: INSTITUTE > Biotechnology Research Institute (BRI)
Depositing User: ADMIN ADMIN
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2011 12:00
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2017 14:51

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