Heavy metal biomarker: Fish behavior, cellular alteration, enzymatic reaction and proteomics approaches

Mohd Khalizan Sabullah and Siti Aqlima Ahmad and M. Y. Shukor and Azlan Jualang Gansau and Mohd Arif Syed and M. R. Sulaiman and Nor Aripin Shamaan (2015) Heavy metal biomarker: Fish behavior, cellular alteration, enzymatic reaction and proteomics approaches. International Food Research Journal, 22 (2). pp. 435-454. ISSN 1985-4668

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Due to the latest industrial development, many dangerous chemicals have been released directly or indirectly which resulted in the polluted water bodies. Water rehabilitation is an alternative way to restore the quality of water, followed by the environmental management to control the waste discharge to ensure the balance of the degradation rates or detoxifying by environmental factors. However, this process consumed a lot of time and cost. Besides, most of the metal ions, especially copper which is capable to bio accumulate in aquatic organism and at the elevated level may cause physiological and biochemical alteration which leads to mortality. Environmental monitoring is the initial step presupposed evaluating the potential toxicity of effluent gushing at its purpose to discharge, avoiding the determining effects of contaminant in water bodies. Due to the high sensitivity of the aquatic life towards dissolving toxicant, the fish has been utilized as the biological measurement (Biomarker) to indicate the existence of toxicant exposure and/or the impact towards the evaluation of molecular, cellular to physiological level. Thus, this paper gives an overview of the manipulation of fish as a biomarker of heavy metals through behavior response, hepatocyte alteration, enzymatic reaction and proteomic studies which have proven to be very useful in the environmental pollution monitoring.

Item Type: Article
Keyword: Heavy metals, Copper, Behavior, Cellular, Enzyme, Proteomics
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Department: FACULTY > Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2018 08:21
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2018 08:21
URI: https://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/20307

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