Genetic diversity of toxigenic Vibrio cholerae O1 from Sabah, Malaysia 2015

Myo Thura Zaw and Nor Amalina Emran and Mohd Yusof Ibrahim and Maria Suleiman and Tajul Ariffin Awang Mohd and Aza Sherin Yusuff and Khin Saw Naing and Than Myint and Muhammad Jikal and Mohd Azmi Salleh and Zaw Lin (2019) Genetic diversity of toxigenic Vibrio cholerae O1 from Sabah, Malaysia 2015. Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection, 52 (4). pp. 563-570.

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Background Cholera is an important health problem in Sabah, a Malaysian state in northern Borneo; however, Vibrio cholerae in Sabah have never been characterized. Since 2002, serogroup O1 strains having the traits of both classical and El Tor biotype, designated as atypical El Tor biotype, have been increasingly reported as the cause of cholera worldwide. These variants are believed to produce clinically more severe disease like classical strains. Purpose The purpose of this study is to investigate the genetic diversity of V. cholerae in Sabah and whether V. cholerae in Sabah belong to atypical El Tor biotype. Methods ERIC-PCR, a DNA fingerprinting method for bacterial pathogens based on the enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus sequence, was used to study the genetic diversity of 65 clinical V. cholerae O1 isolates from 3 districts (Kudat, Beluran, Sandakan) in Sabah and one environmental isolate from coastal sea water in Kudat district. In addition, we studied the biotype-specific genetic traits in these isolates to establish their biotype. Results Different fingerprint patterns were seen in isolates from these three districts but one of the patterns was seen in more than one district. Clinical isolates and environmental isolate have different patterns. In addition, Sabah isolates harbor genetic traits specific to both classical biotype (ctxB-1, rstRCla) and El Tor biotype (rstRET, rstC, tcpAET, rtxC, VC2346). Conclusion This study revealed that V. cholerae in Sabah were genetically diverse and were atypical El Tor strains. Fingerprint patterns of these isolates will be useful in tracing the origin of this pathogen in the future.

Item Type: Article
Keyword: Cholera,Vibrio cholerae,Genetic diversity,Atypical El Tor,Sabah
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
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Department: FACULTY > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2020 11:11
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2020 11:11

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