New Species of Termitomyces (Lyophyllaceae, Basidiomycota) from Sabah (Northern Borneo), Malaysia

Jaya Seelan Sathiya Seelana and Chong, Shu Yee and Foo, She Fui and Mahadimenakbar Mohd Dawood and Yee, Shin Tan and Min, Ji Kim and Myung, Soo Park and Young, Woon Lim (2020) New Species of Termitomyces (Lyophyllaceae, Basidiomycota) from Sabah (Northern Borneo), Malaysia. Mycobiology, 48. pp. 95-103. ISSN 2092-9323

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The genus Termitomyces (Lyophyllaceae, Basidiomycota) is often associated with fungus-feeding termites (Macrotermitinae) due to their strong symbiotic relationships. The genus is widely found exclusively in certain regions of Africa and Asia. They are recognized as edible mushroom within Southeast Asia as well. But it is often misidentified based on morphology by the local communities especially in Malaysia for Chlorophyllum molybdites which is a highly poisonous mushroom. Thus, it is necessary to study the genus for Malaysia with the synergy of using both morphological and molecular identification. In this study, we aim to describe another new species as an addition to the genus Termitomyces found within Sabah, Malaysia. We generated two new sequences (nrLSU and mtSSU) for the new species and a total of 28 nrLSU and mtSSU sequences were retrieved from GenBank for the phylogenetic analysis using maximum likelihood and Bayesian inferences. We identified that the new collection from Sabah province is a new species and named as Termitomyces gilvus based on the termites found in the mound. A phylogeny tree made from the concatenated genes of LSU and mtSSU suggests that T. gilvus is closely related to T. bulborhizus from China. According to our results, the combination of molecular and morphology proved to be a robust approach to re-evaluate the taxonomic status of Termitomyces species in Malaysia. Additional surveys are needed to verify the species diversity and clarify their geographic distribution

Item Type: Article
Keyword: Malaysian Borno , Molecular phylogeny , mtSSU rDNA , nrLSU , Termitomyces
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history
Q Science > QK Botany
Department: INSTITUTE > Institute for Tropical Biology and Conservation
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2021 08:58
Last Modified: 14 Jul 2021 08:58

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