Asymbiotic germination of Borneo endemic orchid vanda hastifera

Jualang @ Azlan Abdullah Gansau and Bong, C.S and Hartinie Marbawi and Devina David (2015) Asymbiotic germination of Borneo endemic orchid vanda hastifera. In: Proceedings Of The International Conference On Plant Physiology 2014, 26 - 28 August 2014, Bali, Indonesia.

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Orchid seeds are tiny, extremely light and often referred as "dust seeds". The seeds produced in vast numbers and contain very small nutrient reserves (Arditti and Abd Karim, 2000). Seeds may germinate in nature but will not grow unless infected by mycorrhizal fungus, which supplies the young plants with all the sugars and nutrients they need until the plants are old enough to produce food on their own (Rajkumar et al., 2008). In spite of huge number of seeds produce, only few seeds germinated in nature. In natural conditions, the life cycle of orchid is very long, it takes them approximately 4 to 10 years to bloom and produce seeds and this bring the difficulties for wild orchids to re-establish their position in natural habitats (Arditti, 1967). Therefore the application of plant tissue culture technique is proved to be the most efficient approach to conserve orchid species. In the present study, Vanda hastifera was selected because of the distribution of this Borneo endemic orchid has been depleted from its natural habitat because of the deforestation activities towards urban and agriculture development. This orchid was originally found mainly in Mt. Kinabalu and Tambunan district of Sabah (Chan et al., 1994). The flower of V. hastifera is white-cream with brown spots and it has a sweet scented which remain flowered throughout the year. The purpose of this study is to optimize the best medium for in vitro seed germination by determine the effect of basal media, complex additives and carbon sources for nurturing the conservation efforts of this valuable native orchid.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Keyword: Orchid , Vanda hastifera , Borneo
Subjects: S Agriculture > SB Plant culture > SB1-1110 Plant culture > SB113.2-118.46 Seeds. Seed technology
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture > SB1-1110 Plant culture > SB403-450.87 Flowers and flower culture. Ornamental plants
Department: FACULTY > Faculty of Sustainable Agriculture
Depositing User: DG MASNIAH AHMAD -
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2021 09:47
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2021 09:47

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