Potential of local castor plant as plantation crop in Sabah

Jupikely James Silip and Hilarion, C.C.C. and Atong, M. and Jalloh, M.B. (2014) Potential of local castor plant as plantation crop in Sabah. In: International Agriculture Congress 2014, 25 -27 November 2014, Putrajaya, Malaysia.

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Castor is an economic oilseed crop and biodiesel feedstock that thrives in tropical climate such as Malaysia. Currently, the global production of castor oil is insufficient with the demand. This study was conducted to determine the potential of wild Sabah castor as plantation crop. 'Keningau' castor accession was planted on January 5, 2013 with 2m x 2m planting distance. No fertilizer was supplied during the planting period and the crop and was left with low maintenance. Ten randomly selected plants were observed weekly from January to December 2013. This study found that Sabah castor can produce an average of 907.39 fruits per tree and, 48.8 fruiting racemes per tree, 75.56 g 100-fruit weight, 12.27 g 100-seed weight and 5 0.95% of extractable crude oil. Local Sabah castor can produce approximately 1,216.80 kg/ha of seeds and 592.81 kg/ha of castor oil. Result of study shows that wild Sabah castor has high oil content, but low seed yield. Therefore, further studies are required to develop proper agronomy practices and breeding programme to increase castor yield.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Keyword: Castor , Production potential , Biodiesel , Crude oil , Fruiting racemes
Subjects: S Agriculture > SB Plant culture > SB1-1110 Plant culture > SB107-109 Economic botany
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture > SB1-1110 Plant culture > SB183-317 Field crops Including cereals, forage crops, grasses, legumes, root crops, sugar plants, textile plants, alkaloidal plants, medicinal plants
Department: FACULTY > Faculty of Sustainable Agriculture
Depositing User: DG MASNIAH AHMAD -
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2021 16:13
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2021 16:13
URI: https://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/31052

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