Isolation and characterization of nanocrystalline cellulose isolated from pineapple crown leaf fiber agricultural wastes using acid hydrolysis

Fitriani Fitriani and Sri Aprilia and Nasrul Arahman and Muhammad Roil Bilad and Amri Amin and amriamin@abulyatama.ac.id and Nurul Huda and Jumardi Roslan (2021) Isolation and characterization of nanocrystalline cellulose isolated from pineapple crown leaf fiber agricultural wastes using acid hydrolysis. Polymers, 13. pp. 1-12. ISSN 2073-4360

[img] Text
Isolation and characterization of nanocrystalline cellulose isolated from pineapple crown .ABSTRACT.pdf

Download (60kB)
[img] Text
Isolation and Characterization of Nanocrystalline Cellulose.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (4MB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Pineapple crown leaf fiber (PCLF) is one of the major biomass wastes from pineapple processing plants. It consists mostly of carbohydrate polymers, such as cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. It can be further processed to form a more valuable and widely used nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC). This study investigates the effect of hydrolysis time on the properties of the produced NCC. The acid hydrolysis was conducted using 1 M of sulfuric acid at hydrolysis times of 1–3 h. The resulting NCCs were then characterized by their morphology, functional groups, crystallinity, thermal stability, elemental composition, and production yield. The results show that the NCC products had a rod-like particle structure and possessed a strong cellulose crystalline structure typically found in agricultural fiber-based cellulose. The highest NCC yield was obtained at 79.37% for one hour of hydrolysis. This NCC also displayed a higher decomposition temperature of 176.9 C. The overall findings suggest that PCLF-derived NCC has attractive properties for a variety of applications.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nanocrystalline cellulose , Pineapple crown leaf , Thermal properties , Morphology properties , Acid hydrolysis
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD1-1066 Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD920-934 Rural and farm sanitary engineering
T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS1-2301 Manufactures
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition
Depositing User: DG MASNIAH AHMAD -
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2022 11:42
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2022 11:42
URI: https://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/31851

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item