The impact of ecotourism on community’s livelihood: A study on local community in Kadamaian, Sabah

Noor Fzlinda Fabeil and Marry Tracy Pawan and Awangku Hassanal Bahar Pengiran Bagul and Kamarul Mizal Marzuki and Mori Kogid and Yuzainy Janin (2021) The impact of ecotourism on community’s livelihood: A study on local community in Kadamaian, Sabah.

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Tourism has been an important alternative strategy for rural development through improving the economies and societies of the rural people. Nevertheless, there is a dearth of study on the impact of tourism development on community’s involvement and their livelihood. This paper explores from the local community’s point of view how tourism contributes as a new livelihood, in terms of changes in household income. Face-to-face structured interviews with 12 local communities from 6 ecotourism sites in Kadamaian, Sabah revealed that the economic status of the local communities interviewed are mainly ‘below than average’ that their income level is below the National Poverty Line Income (PLI). Two-thirds of them agreed there is an increase in their household income after joining the ecotourism-related business, mainly as small business owners, and some are part-time workers or helpers at the ecotourism sites. The findings also found that although respondent perceived ecotourism as important for livelihood, they are still ambivalent that tourism can alleviate poverty, which mainly caused by a lack of entrepreneurial skill. This study lends insights to ecotourism operator and policymakers to provide the local community with relevant capacity building and to ensure total support from other actors in the ecotourism supply chain, like NGOs, universities, volunteers, government, in line with the trickle-down concept of tourism i.e. tourism-led growth strategy (TLG).

Item Type: Proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ecotourism , Rural community , Poverty , Livelihood
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General). Atlases. Maps > G1-922 Geography (General) > G149-180 Travel. Voyages and travels (General) > G154.9-155.8 Travel and state. Tourism
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races > HT51-1595 Communities. Classes. Races > HT51-65 Human settlements. Communities
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Business, Economics and Accounting
Depositing User: DG MASNIAH AHMAD -
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2022 14:28
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2022 14:33

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