Sense organs development in larvae of the Sultan fish Leptobarbus hoevenii

Lim, Leong Seng and Au, Hsein‑Loong and Thumronk Amornsakun and Poramat Musikarun and Hon, Jung Liew and Kian, Ann Tan and Mohammad Tamrin Mohamad Lal and Yukinori Mukai and Gunzo Kawamura (2022) Sense organs development in larvae of the Sultan fish Leptobarbus hoevenii. Fisheries Science, 88. pp. 461-475. ISSN 0919-9268 (P-ISSN) , 1444-2906 (E-ISSN)

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At hatching, the sense organs of the Leptobarbus hoevenii larvae were morphologically immature. However, these sense organs had developed and became functional (including first occurrence of the intra-oral taste buds) to facilitate the larval first exogenous feeding at 3 days post-hatching (dph), before the yolk sac was completely absorbed at 5 dph. During the larval metamorphosis period (5–30 dph), the larval notochord flexion and fin development had completed. The retinal rods appeared at 5 dph, and its number increased with larval growth. The lagena was formed and the inner ears were fully calcified at 15 dph, indicating that the inner ears were completely developed. The olfactory organ development was completed when the anterior and posterior pits were formed at 30 dph. Canal neuromast was first found in the 30 dph L. hoevenii head portion, but none was observed at its trunk. Further examination of the elder stage (> 30 dph) of L. hoevenii is necessary to confirm the timing of trunk canal neuromast development. These findings have provided new biological information related to the L. hoevenii migratory life history in the field, as well as insight to improve the L. hoevenii larval rearing protocols.

Item Type: Article
Keyword: Hoven’s carp , Jelawat , Morphology , Histology , Larval development , Early life history
Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology > QL1-991 Zoology > QL605-739.8 Chordates. Vertebrates > QL614-639.8 Fishes
Department: INSTITUTE > Borneo Marine Research Institute
Depositing User: SAFRUDIN BIN DARUN -
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2022 11:36
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2022 11:36

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