Morphological changes of G. boninense mycelia after being challenged with Thiram, ZnO NPs and Lucsin

Elleiancly Yuli and Jedol Dayou and Chong, Khim Phin (2022) Morphological changes of G. boninense mycelia after being challenged with Thiram, ZnO NPs and Lucsin. Malaysian Journal of Microscopy, 18. pp. 36-45. ISSN 1823-7010 (P-ISSN) , 2600-7444 (E-ISSN)

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Basal Stem Rot (BSR) disease is one of the major threats to the oil palm industry in South East Asia. This paper aims to find control to BSR using thiram, Zinc Oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) and Lucsin. The study was carried out in vitro to assess the antifungal effect of these agents by percentage inhibition radius growth with the observation of their morphology under Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) after treatment. From our observation, thiram could fully inhibit G. boninense radial growth, while ZnO NPs up to 80%. No inhibition was recorded with Lucsin. Observation under SEM confirmed G. boninense mycelia after treated with thiram shown abnormality, distorted and damaged hyphal which had resulted in less branches of the fungal mat. There are also evidences of less branches of fungal mat as well as malformation structures of G. boninense hyphae after being treated by ZnO NPs. Only minor ruptures was found on the hyphae, while the hyphal branch were shriveled, distorted and flattened when challenged with Lucsin. In summary, thiram shows potential for complete inhibition of G. boninense while ZnO NPs has slightly lower inhibition potential but Lucsin is incapable of providing significant control to the growth of G. boninense.

Item Type: Article
Keyword: Ganoderma boninense , Thiram , ZnO NPs , Lucsin , Morphological disruption
Subjects: S Agriculture > SB Plant culture > SB1-1110 Plant culture
Department: FACULTY > Faculty of Science and Natural Resources
Depositing User: SAFRUDIN BIN DARUN -
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2022 11:37
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2022 11:37

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