The framework of socio-religious harmony in Sabah, East Malaysia: An application of Fuzzy Delphi method

Mohd Nazmi Mohd Khalli and Suraya Sintang and Assis Kamu (2022) The framework of socio-religious harmony in Sabah, East Malaysia: An application of Fuzzy Delphi method. Heliyon, 8. pp. 1-10. ISSN 2405-8440

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The reality of socio-religious harmony in Sabah is undeniable. Some visible evidence, and its distinct social environment foster religious tolerance and encouraging people to accept others as they are. On what grounds does this harmony persist, given that situations in Malaysia show that interfaith disputes have never been silent? Examining this phenomenon considers the community, even attempting to disrupt Sabah's long-established harmonious relations. Therefore, the study goal is to develop a framework of socio-religious harmony in Sabah which is unique in its own diverse culture and religions. This study employs the Fuzzy Delphi Method (FDM), prioritizing expert consensus in determining the investigation results. The study has selected seventeen experts from various professional backgrounds: academicians, policymakers, community leaders, non-government (NGO), and religious leaders. The results have identified three constructs, nine elements, and 43 of the 62 expert-agreed-upon criteria, which were then displayed hierarchically as a model of socio-religious harmony framework in Sabah. The finding also reveals the top ten highest ranking criteria agreed upon by experts for considering variables of establishing socio-religious harmony in Sabah. Ultimately, the study gives a clear framework for future studies to measure a level of social harmony in Sabah, and significantly contribute as a guideline throughout Malaysia as a whole.

Item Type: Article
Keyword: Religious tolerance , Sabah , East Malaysia , Fuzzy Delphi method , FDM , Framework of socio-religious harmony
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BL Religion > BL1-2790 Religions. Mythology. Rationalism
D World History and History Of Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Etc. > DS Asia > DS1-937 History of Asia > DS520-560.72 Southeast Asia > DS591-599 Malaysia. Malay Peninsula. Straits Settlements > DS597.22-599 Local history and description > DS597.33-597.34 Sabah. British North Borneo
Department: CENTRE > Centre for the Promotion of Knowledge and Language Learning
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2022 09:22
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2022 11:44

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