Deep neural network models for colon cancer screening

Muthu Subash Kavitha and Prakash Gangadaran and Aurelia Jackson and Balu Alagar Venmathi Maran and Takio Kurita and Ahn, Byeong-Cheol (2022) Deep neural network models for colon cancer screening. Cancers, 14 (3707). pp. 1-14. ISSN 2072-6694

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Early detection of colorectal cancer can significantly facilitate clinicians’ decision-making and reduce their workload. This can be achieved using automatic systems with endoscopic and histological images. Recently, the success of deep learning has motivated the development of image- and video-based polyp identification and segmentation. Currently, most diagnostic colonoscopy rooms utilize artificial intelligence methods that are considered to perform well in predicting invasive cancer. Convolutional neural network-based architectures, together with image patches and preprocesses are often widely used. Furthermore, learning transfer and end-to-end learning techniques have been adopted for detection and localization tasks, which improve accuracy and reduce user dependence with limited datasets. However, explainable deep networks that provide transparency, interpretability, reliability, and fairness in clinical diagnostics are preferred. In this review, we summarize the latest advances in such models, with or without transparency, for the prediction of colorectal cancer and also address the knowledge gap in the upcoming technology.

Item Type: Article
Keyword: Artificial intelligence , Colorectal cancer , Interpretation , Neural network , Transfer learning , Transparency
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC31-1245 Internal medicine > RC254-282 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology Including cancer and carcinogens
Department: INSTITUTE > Borneo Marine Research Institute
Depositing User: SAFRUDIN BIN DARUN -
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2022 09:21
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2022 09:21

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