Phytotoxic interference of volatile organic compounds and water extracts of Tinospora tuberculata Beumee on growth of weeds in rice fields

F. Aslani and A.S. Juraimi and M.S. Ahmad-Hamdani and Md. Amirul Alam and F.S.Golestan Hashemi and D. Omar and M.A. Hakim (2015) Phytotoxic interference of volatile organic compounds and water extracts of Tinospora tuberculata Beumee on growth of weeds in rice fields. South African Journal of Botany, 100. pp. 132-140. ISSN 0254-6299

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Tinospora tuberculata Beumee is an aromatic shrub with pharmacological properties and belongs to the Menispermaceae family. We assessed T. tuberculata for its ability to suppress growth of weeds in rice fields. In seedling bioassays, the rate of seed germination and the radicle and hypocotyl lengths of barnyard grass, rice and weedy rice seedlings were reduced as the concentration of aqueous water extracts and volatile organic compounds increased compared to the control. In a glasshouse experiment, T. tuberculata leaf powder also exhibited effective reduction in the emergence and growth of weeds in rice fields. Applications at rates of 4 t ha−1 completely suppressed emergence of barnyard grass, sprangletop and smallflower umbrella. The chemical compositions of extracts and volatiles were analyzed by GC–MS and HS-SPME-GC–MS. The results showed that 7 of 43 components in the leaf aqueous extract, as compared to 5 of 15 compounds in the stem aqueous extract, are known to be toxic compounds. Moreover, eight main volatile organic compounds were identified, which accounted for 97 and 95% of the whole fresh and dry leaf volatiles, respectively. We observed qualitative and quantitative differences in the compounds present in the dry and fresh leaf. Confocal laser scanning microscope images showed that the volatile emissions and aqueous extracts also inhibited the main root diameter, and the number and elongation of root hairs of tested weeds in rice fields. These results suggest that T. tuberculata contains a significant source of plant growth inhibitors. Hence, it can be used as a mulch to suppress weeds in rice fields and for developing new herbicide based on phytotoxic compounds release by this plant.

Item Type: Article
Keyword: Allelopathy , Aqueous water extract , GC–MS , HS-SPME-GC-MS , Natural herbicide , Volatile organic compounds
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany > QK1-989 Botany
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General) > S1-(972) Agriculture (General)
Department: FACULTY > Faculty of Sustainable Agriculture
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2022 11:03
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2022 11:03

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