Reaction pathway of nitrate and ammonia formation in the plasma electrolysis process with nitrogen and oxygen gas injection

Nelson Saksono and Harianingsih and Bening Farawan and Veny Luvita and Zainal Zakaria (2023) Reaction pathway of nitrate and ammonia formation in the plasma electrolysis process with nitrogen and oxygen gas injection. Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 53. pp. 1183-1191. ISSN 0021-891X

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The plasma electrolysis method using N₂ and O₂ injection is an effective and environmentally friendly solution for nitrogen fixation into nitrate and ammonia. The reaction pathway, the effect of the N₂ and O₂ gas injection composition are important parameters in understanding the mechanism and effectiveness of these processes. This study aims to determine the formation pathway of nitrate and ammonia by observing the formation and role of reactive species as well as intermediate compounds. Two reaction pathways of NOₓ and ammonia formation have been observed. The NOₓ compound formed in the solution was oxidized by ∙OH to NO₂, followed by the production of a stable nitrate compound. The ammonium produced from the ammonia pathway was generated from nitrogen reacting with ∙H from H₂O. The amount of NH₃ formed was lesser compared to the NOₓ compounds in the liquid and gas phases. This indicates that the NOₓ pathway is more dominant than that of ammonia. The gas injection test with a ratio of N₂/O₂ = 79/21 was the most effective for nitrate formation compared to another ratio. The results of the emission intensity measurement test show that the reactive species ∙N, ∙N₂*, ∙N₂+, ∙OH, and ∙O have a significant role in the nitrate formation through the NOx pathway, while the reactive species ∙N and ∙H lead to the formation of NH₃. The highest nitrate product was obtained at a ratio of N₂/O₂: 79/21 by 1889 mg L⁻¹, while the highest ammonia product reached 31.5 mg L−1⁻¹ at 100% N₂ injection.

Item Type: Article
Keyword: Plasma electrolysis, Gas injection, Nitrate, Ammonia
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA1-2040 Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA2001-2040 Plasma engineering. Applied plasma dynamics
Department: FACULTY > Faculty of Engineering
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2023 12:16
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2023 12:16

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