Surface Morphology and Thermal Properties of Cellulose from Three Species of Bamboo

Siti Ayu Aziz and Nazirah Mingu and Sabrina Soloi and Chee, Fuei Pien and Hidayati Asrah and Juferi Idris and Mohd Hafiz Abd Majid and Md Lutfor Rahman and Mohd Sani Sarjadi (2022) Surface Morphology and Thermal Properties of Cellulose from Three Species of Bamboo. Malaysian Journal of Chemistry, 24. pp. 44-53.

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Bamboo is a rapidly growing biomaterial and a high-yielding renewable resource indigenous to Asia and Oceania. Bamboo and wood differ in a variety of ways, including macroscopic and microscopic features, chemical composition, physical and mechanical properties. For this reason, the purpose of this study was to characterize the surface morphology and thermal properties of cellulose in three bamboo species: Schizostachyum brachycladum, Bambusa vulgaris, and Bambusa oldhamii. The cellulose in bamboo was removed using a chemical process that comprised dewaxing, delignification, and mercerization. The surface morphology of the cellulose was characterised using Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM) and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). The thermal properties were then analysed by Thermo-gravimetric Analysis (TGA). The FESEM study revealed that mercerization resulted in fibrillation and fibre separation, which increased the effective surface area accessible for reinforcement. From the TGA analysis, bamboo cellulose was found to be thermally stable. Based on these findings, more research is needed on the qualities of bamboo, as well as cost-effective technology and management strategies. With the use of innovative procedures and adaptable technologies, bamboo can be processed into a wide range of goods and compete successfully with wood and other raw materials in the future.

Item Type: Article
Keyword: Bamboo, Cellulose, Morphological, Thermal analysis
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany > QK1-989 Botany > QK1-474.5 General Including geographical distribution
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture > SB1-1110 Plant culture
Department: FACULTY > Faculty of Science and Natural Resources
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2023 16:06
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2023 16:06

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