Empyema thoracis presented as giant back abscess

Siti Hafzan Abd Karim, MD and Wan Zainira Wan Zain, MMed and Mohd Nizam Mohd Hashim, MMed and Andee Dzulkarnaen Zakaria, MMed and Firdaus Hayati, DrGenSurg and Chiak Yot Ng, MMed (2021) Empyema thoracis presented as giant back abscess. Radiology Case Reports, 16. pp. 1061-1064. ISSN 19300433

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Empyema thoracis (ET) is defined as pus in the pleural space, either localized or involving the entire pleural cavity, due to diverse etiologies. In severe form, it may infiltrate the extra- pulmonary region. Clinical guideline describes 3 stages of parapneumonic effusion before developing into an ET, namely the exudative stage, the fibrinopurulent stage, and the orga- nizing/late stage. We highlight a 59-year-old gentleman who presented a back swelling masquerading as a deep-seated abscess, in which the diagnosis of ET had not been established early. The principles of treatment are treating the underlying condition such as pneumonia, pleural drainage and debridement, full re-expansion of the collapsed lung by performing chest physiotherapy, and improving nutrition. ET is a condition with a dynamic process due to diverse etiologies, either localized or involving the entire pleural cavity. The gold standard in diagnosing ET is the pleural aspiration of fluid from the pleural space, whereas the management of ET may include non-surgical and/or surgical treatments based on the basic principles of ET treatment.

Item Type: Article
Keyword: Abscess , Bacterial infection , Pleural empyema , Thoracic empyema
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology > QP1-(981) Physiology > QP501-801 Animal biochemistry
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC31-1245 Internal medicine > RC581-951 Specialties of internal medicine > RC705-779 Diseases of the respiratory system
Department: FACULTY > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2023 13:41
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2023 13:41
URI: https://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/36471

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