Controlling Arsenic Accumulation in Rice Grain under Nanomaterials-Assisted Optimal Greenhouse Set-Up

Muhammad Nur Aiman Uda and Subash C. B. Gopinath and Uda Hashim and Muhammad Nur Afnan Uda and Tijjani Adam and Nor Azizah Parmin and Sreeramanan Subramaniam and Suresh V. Chinni and Veeranjaneya Reddy Lebaka and Ramachawolran Gobinath (2023) Controlling Arsenic Accumulation in Rice Grain under Nanomaterials-Assisted Optimal Greenhouse Set-Up. Sustainability, 15. p. 1.

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Rice is being increasingly exposed to inorganic arsenic and this affects half of the world population because they are rice consumers. In this study, pot experiments were carried out to investigate the effect of two dose-dependent nanomaterials (silica and graphene) treatment on varied arsenic levels (2, 7 and 12 mg/kg). The results showed that both nanomaterials were affected significantly with 1 mg/mL of nanomaterial. Arsenic adversely affected the plant height, tillering, number of grains, and grain weight and when high concentrations of arsenic were applied at 12 mg/kg, the plant could not withstand it and died before 75 days even in the presence of graphene. Based on inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry analysis, silica nanoparticles showed the highest inhibition on the total accumulation of arsenic as 93% (control plant), 84% (2 mg/kg), 67% (7 mg/kg) to 35 % (12 mg/kg), whereas graphene showed lower inhibition percentages. This outcome confirms that silica nanoparticles prevent arsenic uptake, because they translocate from the root to the grains and are able to offer a promising way to reduce consumer health risk.

Item Type: Article
Keyword: Paddy plantation, Rice straw, Nanomaterial, Metalloid
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General) > S1-(972) Agriculture (General)
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General) > S1-(972) Agriculture (General) > S602.5-604.37 Methods and systems of culture. Cropping systems Including fallowing, rotation of crops, plowing
Department: FACULTY > Faculty of Engineering
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2023 10:03
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2023 10:03

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